WaterAid walks together with Standard Chartered Bank Nepal Limited, Rotary International District 3292 Nepal, End Water Poverty: Sanitation and Water for All and Civil Society Organisations working on Sanitation and Water on 26 March in Kathmandu.
WaterAid’s partners – NEWAH, CIUD, UEMS, FEDWASUN, ENPHO, Lumanti and NGOFUWS is also walking to urge Nepal Government to tackle the water and sanitation crisis meeting Millennium Development Target (2015) and National Target (2017) in providing sanitation and water for all Nepalese. Similarly Guthi and Nepal Red Cross Societ are also joining the walk.
This programme aims to raise awareness about the water and sanitation crisis and calls for concrete actions from political leadership to ensure equitable access to safe water and sanitation.
Country situation in sanitation, drinking water and hygiene
In Nepal, 5.6 million people (20 percent of people) do not yet have access to drinking water. In addition to that one study (Devkota, 2007) indicated that 92 percent of piped-water supplies and 25 percent of tube wells are either out of operation or in need of rehabilitation. (Source: DWSS, 2010, CBS, 2009 and Nepal MDG Progress Report 2010, GoN and UNDP)
Sixteen million Nepali people (57 percent) openly defecate every morning due to the lack of latrines in their homes. (Source: Nepal MDG Progress Report 2010, GoN and UNDP and CBS, 2009)
In Nepal, only 41 percent of public and community schools have latrine facilities. One fourth of them have separate facilities for girls. (Source: Nepal MDG Progress Report 2010, GoN and UNDP)
37 percent (Fourteen million) people wash their hands with water and 12 percent (3.4 million) with soap during critical times in Nepal. (Source: Equity in Health Report, Ministry of Health and Population, 2006)
Nepal needs an annual investment of Rs 7.5 billion to meet the universal access to basic water and sanitation facilities by 2017. (Source: Sector Financing Study, WaterAid in Nepal, 2008 and Red Book, Ministry of Finance, 2009)
Benefits of sanitation and water
Economic return (health, education, work force etc.) from every US $ 1 invested in sanitation and water is estimated at US$ 9. (Source: WHO.2008. Sanitation generates economic benefits, fact sheet)
10,500 children die unwanted deaths each year due to water and sanitation related diseases in Nepal which can be preented by providing access to sanitation, drinking water and hygiene. (Source: Water Aid in Nepal, 2009)
11 percent more girls attend school when a gender friendly sanitation service is available. (Source: UK DFID study)
Hygiene education and promotion of hand washing with soap is simple and cost effective means of preventing diarrhea by 45 percent. (Source: Fatal Neglect Report, WaterAid, 2009)