Nepal WASH Blog Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) & Development in Nepal

September 16, 2013

A difficult journey to toilet

A short film raising issue on accessing to basic sanitation services by people with disabilities

February 21, 2013

Ignorance of visually impaired in sanitation

Sushil Adhikari, 21, is a blind student. He lives at a college hostel in Kathmandu. The toilet at his hostel does not have appropriate facilities for him. There are no handrail for him to hold on to, nor footprints that he can feel to guide him on the way to the toilet.

As a result, he has to move his hand in and around the toilet to find where the pit hole is. This makes his hands dirty, not to mention that he has a hard time defecating in the right spot. Many times, he defecates outside the hole, and dirties the toilet. Other students and administrators at the hostel are irritated with him because of the extra cleaning that is required to look after Sushil.

Sushil Adhikari


March 26, 2011

Nepalese walked calling to create urgeny for water and sanitation

Thousands of campaigners in Nepal walked today in the streets of Kathmandu demanding the government to take concrete actions and political leadership to provide sanitation and water for all Nepalese.

As part of “Walk for Water’” campaign participants completed an hour-long walk from Dasarath Stadium, Tripureshwar to Khulla Manch.

Addressing walkers at Khulla Manch Mr Navin Raj Joshi, Constituent Assembly Member of Nepal has committed to enable environment in declaration of sanitation and water as fundamental rights in the constitution of Nepal being under draft.

“Lack of water and sanitation traps people in a vicious circle of disease, lost life chances and poverty.” said Ashutosh Tiwari, Country Representative, WaterAid in Nepal. “While the country waits to take action on the water and sanitation crisis, 10,500 children below five years die annually in the country from related illnesses. Campaigners are demanding the government to take action on this deadly emergency.”

“Let’s end water crisis from which Nepalese are suffering everyday.” appeals Ms Jharana Thapa, Cine Actress and Sanitation Brand Ambassador.

“Walk for Water”: a joint collaboration with civil society organisations working on sanitation and water is just a beginning and Rotary International will concentrate more in future providing girls access to sanitation at public and community schools.” said Mr Rajiv Pokhrel, President, Rotary Club of Metro Kathmandu.

“We are more sensitive to conserve water and will support in future on initiatives for water and sanitation in Nepal.” said Mr Diwakar Poudel, Head, Corporate Affairs.

“Nepal government must declare sanitation and water as fundamental rights of people in context where UN has declared access to basic sanitation and water as human rights.” demands Dr Suman Shakya, Representative on behalf of Civil Society Organisation working on Sanitation and Water in Nepal.

Cartoon exhibition related to water and people’s insights on water scarcity was also displayed at Khulla Manch.

WaterAid together with Standard Chartered Bank Nepal Limited, Rotary International District 3292 Nepal, End Water Poverty Campaign – Sanitation and Water for All, civil society organisation working on sanitation, water and hygiene: Center for Integrated Urban Development (CIUD), Environment and Public Health Organisation (ENPHO), Federation of Drinking Water and Sanitation Users Nepal (FEDWASUN) Lumanti- Support Group for Shelter, Nepal Water for Health (NEWAH), NGO Forum for Urban Water and Sanitation (NGOFUWS), Urban Environment Management Society (UEMS), Nepal Red Cross Society (NRCS) and Guthi jointly organised the “Walk for Water”.

March 25, 2011

Nepal walks for water

Filed under: Advocacy,Anita Pradhan's Post,Campaigns,WaSH rights,Walk for Water — Anita Pradhan @ 7:04 pm

WaterAid walks together with Standard Chartered Bank Nepal Limited, Rotary International District 3292 Nepal, End Water Poverty: Sanitation and Water for All and Civil Society Organisations working on Sanitation and Water on 26 March in Kathmandu.

WaterAid’s partners – NEWAH, CIUD, UEMS, FEDWASUN, ENPHO, Lumanti and NGOFUWS is also walking to urge Nepal Government to tackle the water and sanitation crisis meeting Millennium Development Target (2015) and National Target (2017) in providing sanitation and water for all Nepalese. Similarly Guthi and Nepal Red Cross Societ are also joining the walk.

This programme aims to raise awareness about the water and sanitation crisis and calls for concrete actions from political leadership to ensure equitable access to safe water and sanitation.

Country situation in sanitation, drinking water and hygiene

In Nepal, 5.6 million people (20 percent of people) do not yet have access to drinking water. In addition to that one study (Devkota, 2007) indicated that 92 percent of piped-water supplies and 25 percent of tube wells are either out of operation or in need of rehabilitation. (Source: DWSS, 2010, CBS, 2009 and Nepal MDG Progress Report 2010, GoN and UNDP)

Sixteen million Nepali people (57 percent) openly defecate every morning due to the lack of latrines in their homes. (Source: Nepal MDG Progress Report 2010, GoN and UNDP and CBS, 2009)

In Nepal, only 41 percent of public and community schools have latrine facilities. One fourth of them have separate facilities for girls. (Source: Nepal MDG Progress Report 2010, GoN and UNDP)

37 percent (Fourteen million) people wash their hands with water and 12 percent (3.4 million) with soap during critical times in Nepal. (Source: Equity in Health Report, Ministry of Health and Population, 2006)

Nepal needs an annual investment of Rs 7.5 billion to meet the universal access to basic water and sanitation facilities by 2017. (Source: Sector Financing Study, WaterAid in Nepal, 2008 and Red Book, Ministry of Finance, 2009)

Benefits of sanitation and water

Economic return (health, education, work force etc.) from every US $ 1 invested in sanitation and water is estimated at US$ 9. (Source: WHO.2008. Sanitation generates economic benefits, fact sheet)

10,500 children die unwanted deaths each year due to water and sanitation related diseases in Nepal which can be preented by providing access to sanitation, drinking water and hygiene. (Source: Water Aid in Nepal, 2009)

11 percent more girls attend school when a gender friendly sanitation service is available. (Source: UK DFID study)

Hygiene education and promotion of hand washing with soap is simple and cost effective means of preventing diarrhea by 45 percent. (Source: Fatal Neglect Report, WaterAid, 2009)

February 15, 2011

Link of the week – 17 to 23 February 2011

Filed under: Advocacy,WaSH rights — Anita Pradhan @ 9:00 am

WaterAid commits to WASH

With the new Country Strategy (2011-2015) which will be operational from April 1, WaterAid Nepal will put emphasis on several areas of equity and inclusion to secure the  people with disabilities, people living with HIV, people affected by conflicts, etc. The strategy will engage on the private sector on Water, Sanitation and Health (WASH), work with youth groups and other social institutions such as Rotary and also work with the academia and engineers for research and low-cost technological innovations. “We are also strengthening our monitoring work by piloting a more robust system, and we are rethinking different ways to do advocacy work so that WASH becomes everyone’s agenda”, said Ashutosh Tiwari, Country Representative of WaterAid Nepal. More – Click here for our link of the week – 17 to 23 February 2011

January 17, 2011

Easy rights, and difficult access?

Filed under: Ashu's WASH Mondays,WaSH rights,Water — Ashutosh Tiwari @ 10:28 am

It’s hard for friends out of Nepal to imagine that Nepal has problems with drinking water. “You have the Himalayas,” they say, “the world’s cleanest water sources.” True. But as the joke goes, “God gave us water sources, and forgot to give us the pipes!”

Though the Nepal government statistics suggests that there is 80 per cent water supply coverage, we know that safe piped water remains a scarce commodity in urban areas, where consumers water from trucks that sell water. And many taps are not functional in village areas, leaving the local inhabitants no choice but to trek to water sources themselves to fetch water for household consumption.

Against that backdrop, water problems in Nepal need to seen through two lenses: those of rights and access.

Looking at the problems from the ‘rights’ lens means that the right to water is seen, first and foremost, as a basic human right. Looking at them from the ‘access’ lens means that government, bodies, private companies and community efforts need to be mobilized in various combinations to use appropriate technology, distribution channels, and financial resources in ways that make the supply system sustainable for a long time.

In Nepal, arguing that even poor people must have access to safe drinking water because it’s their right to have so is often clear enough. Politicians, village chairmen, local government officers and local communities – they all agree fairly quickly with this rights-based argument.

But they can start to differ when discussions move to how to mobilize and make use of the resources in ways that result in viable and sustainable water supply systems for a community.

Bringing their varying opinions together and unifying such voices to design and implement a water supply system is in area in which much, much work needs to be done. Some of that work requires community mobilizing work. Some require managing donor or government relations. Others require engineering and technical work. Yet others require regular monitoring.

A well-designed water supply project starts with a rights-based discussion, and then moves quickly to “the how” of the rights, as in how the rights can be realized. Such a project usually has all these broad components of “access” – community, government, private sector, engineering work, distribution channels, financial viability, and sustainability: all well thought out and practiced in the field.

Written by Ashutosh Tiwari, Country Representative, WaterAid in Nepal.

Older Posts »

This blog was created by WaterAid under the creative commons licence