Nepal WASH Blog Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) & Development in Nepal

August 17, 2011

School sanitation campaign in Nepal

WaterAid in Nepal marked the launch of its school sanitation campaign, with the opening of a photo exhibition, School Sanitation: The Neglected Development Link. The exhibition features striking images by press photographers in Nepal, illustrating the effect of sanitation on the lives of school children across Kathmandu valley. It is inagurated by four years old Bunu Nepal at 3pm on 11 August at the Nepal Art Council, Babarmahal, Kathmandu.

According to Nepal government policy, schools must ensure one toilet for every 50 students. However WaterAid’s analysis shows that the average school toilet serves 127 students, nearly three times as many as the government recommends.  Of Nepal’s 28,000 community schools, only 18,000 have toilets – with only 5580 providing separate toilets for girls.

Every year in Nepal, 10,500 children under the age of five die due to sanitation and drinking water related diseases – more than half of which are girls. Every month teenage girls risk missing several days of class during their menstrual period or, worse, dropping out of school altogether because of a lack of toilet facilities, further entrenching the barriers caused by gender inequality.  It is estimated that nearly two million female students have no access to toilets in school.

WaterAid called on immediate action to be taken to provide separate toilets for girls and boys in schools which are also accessible for disabled students and include facilities to enable girls to hygienically manage their menstruation.

Related links:

News on WaterAid’s Nepal web site

Multimedia presentation on youtube

Media coverage
The Rising Nepal (TRN-7.pdf)
The Himalayan Times

Republica photo feature – 19 August 2011 (please view middle pages 8 – 9)

Republica – public comment on the photo feature – 20 August 2011 (please view page number 6)

August 11, 2011

A photo exhibition – school sanitation: the neglected development link

June 29, 2011

Reaching out to the unreached through VDC WASH coverage in Nepal

Filed under: Advocacy,Anita Pradhan's Post,Rural — Anita Pradhan @ 9:00 am

In 2008/09 WaterAid in Nepal worked together with Nepal Water for Health (NEWAH) to initiate a WASH intervention in the Ghyachok VDC of Gorkha district to develop its Water Use Master Plan (WUMP). Based on the WUMP’s recommendations, eight schemes were identified to address Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) requirements in the Ghyachok VDC and a three year implementation plan was developed.

Ghyachok is the most remote VDC in the area, located in the northern part of Gorkha district in the western development region. Agriculture is the principle livelihood of people in the area, the majority of who are from the Gurung and Tamang ethnic groups, along with Dalit living in very scattered settlements. Before WaterAid’s support, only 8% of people had access to clean water and 7% to improved sanitation services. Others had to fetch water from distant springs and rivers – approximately a one hour round trip. Open defecation was common.

In the first year (2008/09) WaterAid in Nepal and NEWAH implemented their first WASH project and the Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Fund Board (a World Bank funded government programme) also initiated a three year project cycle scheme. The next year, WaterAid introduced a VDC coverage approach in its rural programme and implemented another three schemes. A further three schemes were implemented in 2010/11 and all the WASH projects were completed by the end of March 2011.


April 15, 2011

Nepal tourism year 2011 and thousands of latrine

Filed under: Advocacy,Anita Pradhan's Post,Media,Sanitation,Wider impacts — Anita Pradhan @ 5:15 pm

Tourism plays a big role in Nepal, according to the National Tourism Plan in order to make Nepal Tourism Year 2011 successful they aim to attract one million international tourists and also establish a quarter million new tourist sites. These expected tourists who will visit the different sites will also need to have facilities available for them according to their needs. With 2011 being Nepal Tourism Year it is necessary that we provide tourists with proper facilities. These proper facilities not only include lodging, food and security but also proper hygiene and sanitation facilities like safe water and proper latrines.

With far off regions lacking in proper hotels the National Tourism Plan came up with the novel idea of establishing home-stay programs. This is benefitting to both the tourist and local people as it allows tourists to interact with people and allows the local to generate some income. In order to qualify for the home-stay programme, the chosen homes must have proper latrine facilities.  However the organising committee has not checked if homes have proper hygiene and sanitation facilities, this may leave tourists in a lurch. According to WaterAid in Nepal’s calculations if the expected number of one million tourists arrived for the Tourism Year, Nepal would require 77,000 latrines at a minimum. An ordinary pit latrine costs NRS 5000, according to calculations it would require 75 million NRS to make such latrines only.

Stakeholders, policy makers and advisors need to take into account that proper sanitation and hygiene facilities could actually help boost tourism and economy. With tourism year already in full swing there is little we can now do to ensure that tourists have access to latrines and proper sanitation facilities.

This post is prepared with modification on the article written by Ms Anita Pradhan, Communications Officer at WaterAid in Nepal. The article is published on The Kantipur Daily on 26 October 2010.

April 1, 2011

Sanitation and latrine

There are only three more months left until the start of Nepal Tourism Year 2011. According to official records Nepal has 735 hotels, 14,272 rooms and 28,485 beds (on per day basis) registered. The prospective tourists who will use these rooms during their stay do not know about access to basic sanitation in the form of latrines in Nepal as there is no data/ information provided on this matter. Food and latrine are equally important for people; this is a proven fact that has to be applied to the tourism sector as well.

The National Tourism Plan has set different goals in order to make Nepal Tourism Year 2011 successful, one of their main aims is to attract one million international tourists and also establish a quarter million new tourist sites. These expected tourists who will visit the different sites will also need to have facilities available for them according to their needs. According to a report released by the Nepal Water Supply and Sewage department, in 2010 alone 106 million people (57 per cent of the population) do not have a latrine in their homes. Nearly half of the total population practice open defecation as they have no other choice. It is imperative that there be the same/equal number of latrines made so that the tourists who are able to use this facility. Tourists also remain unaware about latrine/toilet facilities in Nepal.

The Tourism Plan prepared in 2067 BS determined that by establishing home-stay programmes, local communities in rural and urban areas could take part in income generating programs. However in order to qualify for the home-stay there are certain criteria’s that they must fulfill. One such criteria being that all home-stay participating houses should have a latrine and proper sanitation however it has not been stated anywhere in the policy what the condition of the latrine should be like or how proper sanitation methods will be monitored. It is possible that during the proposed tourism year we might not be able to provide basic sanitation and hygiene facilities adequately/ according to the number of expected tourists.

According to WaterAid Nepal’s calculations if the expected number of a million tourists arrived for the Tourism Year, Nepal would require 77,000 latrines at a minimum. An ordinary pit latrine costs NRS 5000, according to calculations it would require 75 million NRS to make such latrines only. When we look at the figures separated for sanitation by the annual budget we need an additional 39 million. In order to make tourism year 2011 a success we need to double our investment in the sanitation sector.

Within the next 10 years the Government of Nepal hopes to uplift the Nepalese people’s lives through economic growth, stakeholders have tried to bring about development through the tourism industry in Nepal by announcing Tourism Year 2011. This is why it is important that we organise accordingly in the areas of hygiene and sanitation. Although announced a few years ahead little preparation has been made for tourism year and any preparation on hygiene and sanitation is now late. A few years back another Asian nation, Thailand, was also in a dire state as their sanitation and hygiene similar to Nepal. Today Thailand has developed by giving priority to sanitation and hygiene which in turn has helped boost its tourism; the same idea can be applied in Nepal as well.

If basic infrastructures are provided for tourists it will positively contribute towards change in tourism industry. How many tourists should be expected and how we will provide them with basic service has an effect on environmental and other sectors of the industry as well. It can be clearly seen that providing proper access to latrines will contribute towards developing the tourism industry. If assured of having proper latrine facilities tourists will have one less thing to worry about, this can be appealing to tourists who wish to travel.

This is English translation of the article written in Nepali language by Ms Anita Pradhan, Communications Officer at WaterAid in Nepal. The article is published on The Kantipur Daily on 26 October 2010.

March 26, 2011

Nepalese walked calling to create urgeny for water and sanitation

Thousands of campaigners in Nepal walked today in the streets of Kathmandu demanding the government to take concrete actions and political leadership to provide sanitation and water for all Nepalese.

As part of “Walk for Water’” campaign participants completed an hour-long walk from Dasarath Stadium, Tripureshwar to Khulla Manch.

Addressing walkers at Khulla Manch Mr Navin Raj Joshi, Constituent Assembly Member of Nepal has committed to enable environment in declaration of sanitation and water as fundamental rights in the constitution of Nepal being under draft.

“Lack of water and sanitation traps people in a vicious circle of disease, lost life chances and poverty.” said Ashutosh Tiwari, Country Representative, WaterAid in Nepal. “While the country waits to take action on the water and sanitation crisis, 10,500 children below five years die annually in the country from related illnesses. Campaigners are demanding the government to take action on this deadly emergency.”

“Let’s end water crisis from which Nepalese are suffering everyday.” appeals Ms Jharana Thapa, Cine Actress and Sanitation Brand Ambassador.

“Walk for Water”: a joint collaboration with civil society organisations working on sanitation and water is just a beginning and Rotary International will concentrate more in future providing girls access to sanitation at public and community schools.” said Mr Rajiv Pokhrel, President, Rotary Club of Metro Kathmandu.

“We are more sensitive to conserve water and will support in future on initiatives for water and sanitation in Nepal.” said Mr Diwakar Poudel, Head, Corporate Affairs.

“Nepal government must declare sanitation and water as fundamental rights of people in context where UN has declared access to basic sanitation and water as human rights.” demands Dr Suman Shakya, Representative on behalf of Civil Society Organisation working on Sanitation and Water in Nepal.

Cartoon exhibition related to water and people’s insights on water scarcity was also displayed at Khulla Manch.

WaterAid together with Standard Chartered Bank Nepal Limited, Rotary International District 3292 Nepal, End Water Poverty Campaign – Sanitation and Water for All, civil society organisation working on sanitation, water and hygiene: Center for Integrated Urban Development (CIUD), Environment and Public Health Organisation (ENPHO), Federation of Drinking Water and Sanitation Users Nepal (FEDWASUN) Lumanti- Support Group for Shelter, Nepal Water for Health (NEWAH), NGO Forum for Urban Water and Sanitation (NGOFUWS), Urban Environment Management Society (UEMS), Nepal Red Cross Society (NRCS) and Guthi jointly organised the “Walk for Water”.

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