Nepal WASH Blog Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) & Development in Nepal

January 28, 2011

Anti sanitation and water poverty campaigners set aims

Filed under: Advocacy,Anita Pradhan's Post,Campaigns — Anita Pradhan @ 9:00 am

Anti sanitation and water poverty campaigners agreed on three aims for the End Water Poverty Campaign for 2011-2013 in Delhi in January 2011. Campaigners gathered from 14 countries including Nepal to analyse campaign success to date and build an ambitious strategy for the next three years.

1. Prioritization and targeting: Governments prioritise sanitation and water, by increasing sanitation and water funding and improving the targeting of WASH funding to the most marginalized countries and communities.

2. Sanitation and Water for All: The Sanitation and Water for All partnership becomes an established, effective mechanism to improve access to safe and sustainable sanitation and water services for increased numbers of poor and marginalized people.

3. Water, sanitation and other sectors: The health and education sectors globally and nationally recognize, integrate and take action on sanitation and water.

The meeting affirmed the vision for End Water Poverty to be a global, open source campaign, with national and international members of civil society organisations who agree to work together generously in an ambitious, mass, creative, relentless movement for change. The success of the past year’s campaign in achieving the Sanitation and Water for All partnership and significant government increases in provision of clean drinking water and sanitation was celebrated.

January 27, 2011

Link of the week – 27 January to 2 February 2011

Filed under: Link of the week,Sanitation — Anita Pradhan @ 9:00 am

Effort on sanitation at local level

The article highlights on how efforts made at local level can contribute to promote sanitation in Nepal. It is written in Nepali language and publihsed on Kantipur Daily on 26 January 2011.

Click here for our link of the week – 27 January to 2 February 2011

January 26, 2011

Septic tank with up-flow bio-filter eases life of squatters community in Kathmandu

Filed under: Anita Pradhan's Post,Sanitation,Technology,poverty — Anita Pradhan @ 9:00 am

Till three years ago, life for the squatter community of Narayan Tole with nearly 31 households was dreadful. Situated along the banks of the polluted Samakhusi River, Narayan Tole was one of the most polluted slums of the Capital where the squatters were facing innumerable health and environmental problems. But the squatter’s scenario has changed drastically as the resident of Narayan Tole decided to make their area clean and environment friendly. The polluted river posed health hazards and insecure feeling of potential geographical disaster in the community. There was just one single tap and very few toilets for the entire community. Though elders shared the toilet facilities, children defecated openly and all the waste was discharged directly into the river.

Whoever sees this community today won’t believe that the situation was so bad just three years ago as Narayan Tole has transformed into a clean, eco-friendly squatter community.

The wastewater from toilets are still being discharged into the river but only after it is treated in up flow bio-filter constructed to treat the septic tank effluent. There are two septic tanks in the community with two chambers in each, which are separated by an up flow bio-filter. The filter blocks solid waste in one chamber allowing treated liquid waste into another chamber. The water treated from the filter is then discharged into the river.

Household effluent from the septic tank is treated by the up flow bio-filter. It is a submerged filter with stone media of 6m to 120m deep. Septic tank effluent is introduced to it from the bottom, and the microbial growth is retained on stone media making possible higher loading rates and efficient digestion.

The biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) in the treated water is found to be reduced by 90 percent Mr Kabir Das Rajbhandari, Urban Programme Manager from WaterAid says. When BOD levels are high, dissolved oxygen levels decrease because bacteria consume oxygen that is available in the water. Since less dissolved oxygen is available in the water, it’s difficult for fish and other aquatic organisms to survive.

This technology is highly efficient in areas where available space is limited. Unlike Reed Beds, which require 1m2/person, the septic tank with upflow bio-filter can be constructed in a densely settled urban area. Because the design in fairly low maintenance, it can be managed by the community. Such treatment plants can be installed in individual homes too as they are affordable and occupies only a little space,” Mr Rajbhandari further adds.

The drastic change has come because of the people’s willingness to change. This whole transformation is an attempt of residents from squatter community to urge people to keep environment clean and show others that squatters are not polluters of rivers. The effort of this small squatter community can be a good example for everyone working for the management of urban water and sanitation. Even other slums could learn from them so that they could at least live a healthy and environment-friendly life. The Narayan Tole residents have felt the difference due to the presence of this treatment plant. They feel much relieved now since the foul smell has reduced to a great extent.. With toilets in almost all the homes in this settlement, people no longer defecate in the open.

The water and sanitation project implemented by LUMANTI in nearby squatter community of Kahadipakha inspired them to improve their community’s condition too. Community members approached LUMANTI to help in the community. With financial and technical support from WaterAid and UN-HABITAT, LUMANTI helped to improve the situation of the settlement.

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Written by Anita Pradhan, Documentation Manager, WaterAid in Nepal.

January 25, 2011

Photo of the week – 25 to 31 January 2011

Mainstreaming disabled component on Machhegaun Environment Improvement Project in Machhegaun: The project was implemented by Centre for Integrated Urban Development (CIUD) and supported by WaterAid – Mr Ram Bahadur Basnet (who lost both of his legs and does any low-cost labour which can be done using both hands), resident of Machhegaun VDC, Kathmandu has benefited from the chair addressing his requirement while using the latrine.

January 21, 2011

Watch video for an update on Biratnagar Integrated Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Project

Filed under: Equity and inclusion,Hygiene,Water — Anita Pradhan @ 4:10 pm

Biratnagar, Nepal’s second largest city is located in the urban ‘Terai’, near the south-eastern border with India. 15% of Biratnagar’s population lives below the poverty line in slum and squatter settlements, with insufficient access to clean drinking water or adequate sanitation.

Since 2008, Biratnagar Integrated Sanitation and Hygiene Improvement Project (BIWASH), has provided 12,198 people access to safe and adequate drinking water. It has also provided 7,097 people access to hygienic latrines and 1,801 people access to environmental sanitation facilities such as storm water drainage, bio gas plants and solid waste management.

The following short film is an update on the project’s progress to date.

This visual documentation is produced by WaterAid in Nepal.

January 20, 2011

Link of the week – 20 to 26 January 2011

Filed under: Disaster,Link of the week,Water Quality — Anita Pradhan @ 4:16 pm

Disaster preparedness: Panic not, should the earth quake

It is smart to keep a small survival kit with non-perishable food and potable water or water purification tablets, the most important safety measure is learning what to do.

Click here for our link of the week – 20 to 26 January 2011

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This blog was created by WaterAid under the creative commons licence