Nepal WASH Blog Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) & Development in Nepal

March 29, 2011

Photo of the week – 29 March to 04 April 2011

Filed under: Advocacy,Campaigns,Photo of the week,Walk for Water — Anita Pradhan @ 9:00 am

March 26, 2011

Nepalese walked calling to create urgeny for water and sanitation

Thousands of campaigners in Nepal walked today in the streets of Kathmandu demanding the government to take concrete actions and political leadership to provide sanitation and water for all Nepalese.

As part of “Walk for Water’” campaign participants completed an hour-long walk from Dasarath Stadium, Tripureshwar to Khulla Manch.

Addressing walkers at Khulla Manch Mr Navin Raj Joshi, Constituent Assembly Member of Nepal has committed to enable environment in declaration of sanitation and water as fundamental rights in the constitution of Nepal being under draft.

“Lack of water and sanitation traps people in a vicious circle of disease, lost life chances and poverty.” said Ashutosh Tiwari, Country Representative, WaterAid in Nepal. “While the country waits to take action on the water and sanitation crisis, 10,500 children below five years die annually in the country from related illnesses. Campaigners are demanding the government to take action on this deadly emergency.”

“Let’s end water crisis from which Nepalese are suffering everyday.” appeals Ms Jharana Thapa, Cine Actress and Sanitation Brand Ambassador.

“Walk for Water”: a joint collaboration with civil society organisations working on sanitation and water is just a beginning and Rotary International will concentrate more in future providing girls access to sanitation at public and community schools.” said Mr Rajiv Pokhrel, President, Rotary Club of Metro Kathmandu.

“We are more sensitive to conserve water and will support in future on initiatives for water and sanitation in Nepal.” said Mr Diwakar Poudel, Head, Corporate Affairs.

“Nepal government must declare sanitation and water as fundamental rights of people in context where UN has declared access to basic sanitation and water as human rights.” demands Dr Suman Shakya, Representative on behalf of Civil Society Organisation working on Sanitation and Water in Nepal.

Cartoon exhibition related to water and people’s insights on water scarcity was also displayed at Khulla Manch.

WaterAid together with Standard Chartered Bank Nepal Limited, Rotary International District 3292 Nepal, End Water Poverty Campaign – Sanitation and Water for All, civil society organisation working on sanitation, water and hygiene: Center for Integrated Urban Development (CIUD), Environment and Public Health Organisation (ENPHO), Federation of Drinking Water and Sanitation Users Nepal (FEDWASUN) Lumanti- Support Group for Shelter, Nepal Water for Health (NEWAH), NGO Forum for Urban Water and Sanitation (NGOFUWS), Urban Environment Management Society (UEMS), Nepal Red Cross Society (NRCS) and Guthi jointly organised the “Walk for Water”.

March 25, 2011

Nepal walks for water

Filed under: Advocacy,Anita Pradhan's Post,Campaigns,WaSH rights,Walk for Water — Anita Pradhan @ 7:04 pm

WaterAid walks together with Standard Chartered Bank Nepal Limited, Rotary International District 3292 Nepal, End Water Poverty: Sanitation and Water for All and Civil Society Organisations working on Sanitation and Water on 26 March in Kathmandu.

WaterAid’s partners – NEWAH, CIUD, UEMS, FEDWASUN, ENPHO, Lumanti and NGOFUWS is also walking to urge Nepal Government to tackle the water and sanitation crisis meeting Millennium Development Target (2015) and National Target (2017) in providing sanitation and water for all Nepalese. Similarly Guthi and Nepal Red Cross Societ are also joining the walk.

This programme aims to raise awareness about the water and sanitation crisis and calls for concrete actions from political leadership to ensure equitable access to safe water and sanitation.

Country situation in sanitation, drinking water and hygiene

In Nepal, 5.6 million people (20 percent of people) do not yet have access to drinking water. In addition to that one study (Devkota, 2007) indicated that 92 percent of piped-water supplies and 25 percent of tube wells are either out of operation or in need of rehabilitation. (Source: DWSS, 2010, CBS, 2009 and Nepal MDG Progress Report 2010, GoN and UNDP)

Sixteen million Nepali people (57 percent) openly defecate every morning due to the lack of latrines in their homes. (Source: Nepal MDG Progress Report 2010, GoN and UNDP and CBS, 2009)

In Nepal, only 41 percent of public and community schools have latrine facilities. One fourth of them have separate facilities for girls. (Source: Nepal MDG Progress Report 2010, GoN and UNDP)

37 percent (Fourteen million) people wash their hands with water and 12 percent (3.4 million) with soap during critical times in Nepal. (Source: Equity in Health Report, Ministry of Health and Population, 2006)

Nepal needs an annual investment of Rs 7.5 billion to meet the universal access to basic water and sanitation facilities by 2017. (Source: Sector Financing Study, WaterAid in Nepal, 2008 and Red Book, Ministry of Finance, 2009)

Benefits of sanitation and water

Economic return (health, education, work force etc.) from every US $ 1 invested in sanitation and water is estimated at US$ 9. (Source: WHO.2008. Sanitation generates economic benefits, fact sheet)

10,500 children die unwanted deaths each year due to water and sanitation related diseases in Nepal which can be preented by providing access to sanitation, drinking water and hygiene. (Source: Water Aid in Nepal, 2009)

11 percent more girls attend school when a gender friendly sanitation service is available. (Source: UK DFID study)

Hygiene education and promotion of hand washing with soap is simple and cost effective means of preventing diarrhea by 45 percent. (Source: Fatal Neglect Report, WaterAid, 2009)

March 22, 2011

Climbing out of poverty

Filed under: Anita Pradhan's Post,Rural — Anita Pradhan @ 11:23 am
The small village of Neupane Gaun lies nestled in the foothills in Nepal. The beauty of the surroundings hides the poverty felt here, made worse by the lack of access to safe, clean water.
Many villagers have left Neupane Gaun looking for work, but Kabita (pictured here) and the others who remained were drinking water that put their lives at risk.

Kabita collecting water from the new tapstand near her home in Neupane Gaun.

“I used to wake up early in the morning around 4am just to collect water. It was very dark and I was always scared about slipping and falling down the hill. It used to take two hours for a round trip to collect the water.”

If there was no one to help her, Kabita would have to make this backbreaking trip five times a day to collect water for her family which she knew wasn’t safe. Spending 10 hours a day collecting water on steep and slippery mountain paths meant that she had no time to work and little time to care for her children.

“We used to risk our lives just to collect a bucket of water,” said Nawa Raj Meupane, the first Water Committee Chairman in Neupane Gaun.

Thanks to support from people like you, Kabita’s village now has a gravity flow scheme that brings clean water from high mountain springs through pipes and into storage tanks. Lower down, a distribution system provides Cabita and Nawa with a nearby tap, providing safe, clean water right outside their homes.

“I felt like I had climbed Mount Everest when we first turned the taps on,” Nawa said. “We had done great work. It was like a dark day which became full of light.”

We are looking for your help in setting up more of these schemes in some of the poorest communities around the world. Combined with sanitation and hygiene education, safe water can transform every aspect of people’s lives and help them climb out of poverty.

Clean water can change people’s lives in every way. Knowing what clean water can do – not only saving lives, but giving whole communities hope for the future.

Kabita used to carry dangerously heavy loads of water for long distances up the steep mountain paths.

March 21, 2011

Ten ways to spend your days

Filed under: Advocacy,Campaigns,Walk for Water — Anita Pradhan @ 9:00 am

To mark World Water Day on 22 March, WaterAid has revealed 10 startling comparisons between the time people in the West spend on everyday activities such as watching football, planning a wedding, and surfing social networking sites, and the time people in the world’s poorest countries spend fetching water.

The average amount of time spent fetching water in developing countries is three hours a day with people spending up to 10 hours per day on this time-consuming task.

The responsibility of collecting water usually falls on the shoulders of women and children, preventing them from going to school, earning a living or just having fun. In fact, a total of 40 billion working hours every year are lost to water collection. Too often, the water is dirty, resulting in diseases such as diarrhoea or cholera.

“Lack of water and sanitation traps people in a vicious circle of disease, lost opportunities, poverty and indignity,” said Girish Menon, Director for International Programmes at WaterAid.

“That’s why WaterAid and other members of End Water Poverty will hold walking events across the globe on World Water Day to raise awareness of the wasted hours and missed opportunities for millions of people across the globe.”

What would you have to miss out on?

- I’ll wash, you dry! The average couple spends 40 minutes a day arguing about household chores (eSure). Women in the world’s poorest countries can spend up to 10 hours per day collecting water before even getting started on household chores.

- Let’s get social: Worldwide, people spend an average of five and a half hours on social networking sites per week (Nielsen). For millions, that’s less than two trips to collect water.

- Bubbly: The average time spent in the bath or shower adds up to one hour and 25 minutes a week (Bathstore), just under half the time needed for millions to fetch it for millions living without a safe water supply nearby!

- A nice cuppa: The British spend about six hours a week drinking tea and coffee (LearnDirect). That’s two trips to collect water, with no coffee break.

- Break a sweat: The average British adult exercises just 50 minutes a week (WeightWatchers) – less than a third of one trip to collect 20kg of water.

- I say! The average man will spend five hours a week staring at different women (Kodak Lens Vision Centres). In one week, the average woman in a developing country would have spent 21 hours collecting water.

- Square eyes: The average American spends a staggering 153 hours a month watching TV. (Nielsen) In Sub-Saharan Africa, more than 50 trips to fetch water will be made in the same amount of time, with no TV around to make it more interesting.

- Yum! The average woman spends 94 hours and 55 minutes shopping for food over one year (OnePoll). Women in Africa can spend the same amount of time collecting water in just one month. This time could be much better spent growing or selling their own food.

- Wedding bells: A bride-to-be spends an average of 250 hours preparing for a wedding. For a woman in a developing country, that time could be spent making 83 trips to collect water. You can bet she’d rather be planning her big day!

- School’s out: It takes a mighty 3,600 study hours to complete an Open University Honours degree. That’s little more than three years spent fetching water – time better spent on education.

For 884 million people around the world currently living without one, a safe water supply close to home is both a lifesaver and a time-saver, enabling them to take a crucial step out of poverty.

“Water is essential for improving health, education, gender equality and economic growth,” added Girish. “Governments must commit to taking action to provide the world’s poorest with access to both clean water and safe sanitation. The world can’t wait any longer.”

Join the online walk for water to call for immediate action to end the global water crisis.

March 17, 2011

Link of the week – 17 to 23 March 2011

Filed under: Fog Water,Link of the week,Technology — Anita Pradhan @ 9:00 am

The fog catchers

Sabina BK, a previous resident of Kumaripati, moved to the banks of Nakkhu on the outskirts of the Ring Road to escape the dire lack of water. “Even here, during the summer months, it gets difficult,”, she explains., “Sometimes we wait, sometimes we buy.” City dwellers shifting residence in the search of placating water needs is not something new.

To read more, click here for our link of the week – 17 to 23 March 2011

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This blog was created by WaterAid under the creative commons licence